SPACE AND COSMIC RAY PHYSICS ONLINE SEMINAR

University of Maryland
4:30 PM Monday, September 19, 2022
Talk Recording

Carmelo Evoli
Gran Sasso Science Institute, Italy

Phenomenology and theory of galactic cosmic-ray propagation

Cosmic rays are the most energetic particles in the local Universe as they are known to reach energies above a few Joules. How and where they are produced has been a science puzzle for several decades, whose solution has given rise to the era of multi-messenger astrophysics. Of particular interest is the energy range below ~PeV as we expect that these particles have been all accelerated in the most extreme objects in our own Galaxy. Additionally, the past decade has seen an unprecedented improvement in the quality and quantity of data about their energy spectrum and chemical composition, allowing us to infer global properties as the galactic grammage and the average residence time. These quantities are crucial to test any more fundamental description of the transport of charged particles in the interstellar plasmas. Even more thrilling, these new measurements, together with a deeper scrutiny of the diffuse gamma-ray emission from the Galactic plane, have revealed unexpected new features that are challenging the commonly accepted scenario of how these particles are energized and propagate through interstellar space. In my talk, I will provide an overview of these recent ļ¬ndings, and discuss some of the new ideas proposed to explain these anomalies.